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Saturday, November 10, 2018

JRE 應考攻略 - 第三集 - 讓自己變得更強

很多人都想讓自己變得更強,至少看起來變得更強,可是,要怎樣做呢?我們看看政府和立法會文件怎樣寫,學一學,就可以了。


Introduction / Purpose (建議50字以下,點明呢份文件有咩作用)
l   This paper provides an update on the local financial technologies (Fintech) landscape and measures to support the development of the industry. 22字】
l   This paper briefs Members on the key findings and recommendations of the “Hong Kong 2030+: Towards a Planning Vision and Strategy Transcending 2030” (Hong Kong 2030+).27字】
l   This paper seeks Members’ views on the proposal to proceed with a public engagement (“PE”) exercise on Hong Kong’s long-term climate mitigation strategy.24字】
l   本文件匯報本地金融科技發展的情況及支持行業發展的措施。【28字】
l   本文件旨在向委員簡介《香港2030+:跨越2030年的規劃遠景與策略》(《香港2030+》)的主要研究結果和建議。【47字】
l   本文件就香港長期氣候減緩策略進行公眾參與的建議,徵詢委員意見。32字】
Background
l   The Financial Services and the Treasury Bureau previously briefed the Panel on 11 April 2016 regarding the Government’s strategies and measures to support the development of Fintech, after the 2016-17 Budget had announced a range of Fintech-related development measures. 【整個計劃之前有什麼進展,40字】
l   在二零一六至一七年度《財政預算案》宣布一系列金融科技相關的發展措施後,財經事務及庫務局於二零一六年四月十一日曾向委員會概述政府支持金融科技發展的策略與措施。【整個計劃之前有什麼進展,79字】
l   At the SDC meeting on 30 June 2016, Members discussed the draft PE Document and the plan on launching the public involvement stage of the PE exercise (SDC Paper No. 02/16). Taking into account Members’ comments, the draft PE Document was revised and subsequently released at a press conference held on 26 July 2016. In the light of Members’ suggestion to allow a longer period for the public to express their views, the public involvement period was extended to 15 November 2016. 【整個計劃之前有什麼進展,83字】
l   在二零一六年六月三十日舉行的委員會會議上,委員曾討論《公眾參與文件》(《文件》)擬稿和公眾參與階段的工作計劃(委員會第02/16號文件)。在考慮委員在會上提出的意見後,我們修訂了《文件》擬稿,隨後在二零一六年七月二十六日舉行的記者會上發布。鑑於委員建議給予公眾較長時間表達意見,公眾參與階段延期至二零一六年十一月十五日才結束。【整個計劃之前有什麼進展,160字】
l   The territorial development strategy provides a spatial planning framework to plan and guide land and infrastructure development, and the shaping of the built environment.【總論,25字】Since the 1970s, we have reviewed the territorial development strategy around once every decade to embrace new needs and aspirations. The last review entitled “Hong Kong 2030: Planning Vision and Strategy” (HK2030) was promulgated in 2007 and set out the broad directions for land supply and town planning up to 2030. In an era of rapid social, economic and technological changes, Hong Kong as an international city in a globalised world is facing a number of challenges both externally and internally, including fierce global and regional competitions, changing drivers of economic growth, climate change, growing and ageing population , increasing but smaller domestic households, strong land demand for housing, economic activities and community facilities, a rapidly ageing building stock, demand for environmental protection, and rising aspiration for a better quality of life.【簡述過往的一點歷史/背景/發展,132字】For the sustainable development of Hong Kong, there is a need for the Government to adopt a visionary, pragmatic and action-oriented approach to tackle the planning issues critical to Hong Kong’s future, and to formulate a robust territorial development strategy in the light of the latest planning circumstances and challenges ahead.【為何會有這個計劃/這份Paper51字】 Against this background and as announced in the 2015 Policy Address, the Planning Department (PlanD) commissioned the Hong Kong 2030+ study in January 2015 to provide an update to the HK2030.【整個計劃之前有什麼進展,31字】(整部分,239字)

l   全港發展策略的空間框架為香港的土地及基建發展,以至建設環境的塑造提供規劃和指引。【總論,41字】1970年代起,我們約每十年便檢討全港發展策略,讓策略能與時並進,滿足新的需要和期望。上一輪檢討為2007年公布的《香港2030:規劃遠景與策略》(《香港2030》),並為香港至2030年的土地供應和城市規劃訂定了概括性方向。在現今社會、經濟情況急劇轉變,科技日新月異的年代,香港作為國際城市,身處全球化的世界棋局中,對外對内均面臨重大挑戰,包括全球及外圍區域競爭激烈,帶動經濟增長的模式有所改變,氣候變化,人口增長及漸趨老化,家庭住戶上升但每戶人數下跌,房屋、經濟活動及社區設施方面的土地需求迫切,樓宇急劇老化,市民對環境保護及優質生活有更高期望。【簡述過往的一點歷史/背景/發展,261字】為了香港的可持續發展,政府有需要以前瞻、務實及行動為本的方針,處理與香港未來息息相關的規劃議題,並就最新的規劃情況及將會面對的挑戰,制訂穩健的全港發展策略。【為何會有這個計劃/這份Paper78字】基於上述的背景並如《2015年度施政報告》所公布,規劃署於20151月展開了《香港2030+》研究,以更新《香港2030》。【整個計劃之前有什麼進展,50字】(整部分,430字)



數字表述:

2015/16及2016/17學年公營小學的學位教師職位比例由50%分別增加至55%及60%後,在2017/18學年,政府進一步把有關比例提升至65%;而公營中學的學位教師職位比例由2009/10學年起增加至85%。

假定法定最低工資的建議水平會在2017年上半年實施,最低工資委員會(委員會)建議法定最低工資水平應每小時32.5元調升至每小時34.5元增幅為2.0元(或6.2%)

2016年上半年,香港經濟進一步顯著放緩。實質本地生產總值在第一季按年增長0.8%,增速為四年以來最慢,第二季的表現略為改善,經濟按年實質增長1.7%。但2016年上半年合計,香港經濟按年僅增長1.2%。

食環署最近進行內部成本計算工作,發現酒牌服務的整體成本收回率只達38%,變相每年由納稅人補貼約2,400萬元

現有酒牌持有人約83%是沒有經營酒吧的食肆,與其相關的牌照續期費用只會稍微增加(平均每年560元或415元,或平均每月46.7元或34.6元)。

歐盟的報告提述了在2014年就電子煙對戒煙的成效向其28個成員國收集所得的數據。有關數據顯示49%電子煙使用者指電子煙無助他們減少吸煙或戒煙,14%則成功地完全戒煙,13%起初成功戒煙,但其後重新吸煙,而21%則能夠減少吸煙但未有完全戒煙。歐盟的報告亦載有5項人口研究的分析,當中顯示電子煙使用者的戒煙機率明顯較低,反映電子煙可能不利於戒煙。

過去10年,可疑交易報告宗數飆升521%至2017年的92115宗,而2016年更錄得80%的單年顯著增幅

聯合財富情報組負責分析和發布可疑交易報告相關情報予本地及海外執法機關,以作跟進行動。截至2017年10月,95%的可疑交易報告轉交本地機關作進一步調查,當中以警方(69%)及廉政公署和海關(24%)為主。此外,與海外機關分享的可疑交易報告相關資料佔5%。

過去5年,限制令的數字下降28%,而凍結資產的金額亦縮減95%至2017年的6,700萬港元。由於部分案件的得益已通過民事法律程序交還受害人,沒收資產的金額在4年間下跌52%至2017年的3.36億港元。


Following the increase in the ratio of graduate teacher posts in the public sector primary schools from 50% to 55% and 60% in the 2015/16 and 2016/17 school years respectively, the Government has further enhanced the ratio to 65% in the 2017/18 school year. As for the public sector secondary schools, the ratio of graduate teacher posts has been increased to 85% from the 2009/10 school year.

At first, it acquired back 25.1% stake of the private utility firm in 2011 at a cost of €138 million (HK$1.5 billion).

Feedback to eHRSS is largely positive, with patient registrations soaring to 222 000 in August 2016, and further to 730 000 in April 2018. As regards registration for healthcare providers on organization basis, they almost doubled from 859 to about 1 500 over the same period. For medical professionals employed by healthcare providers, over 44 000 user accounts were created by April 2018, accounting for some 40% of overall registered medical professionals in Hong Kong.

There are currently more than 35 million Octopus cards in circulation, which are used by over 99% of local people aged 15-64.

Over the past decade, while the number of STRs has surged by 521% to 92 115 cases in 2017, there was a pronounced growth of 80% in 2016 alone.

Analysed by sector, an overwhelming majority of STRs were filed by the financial sector, accounting for 98.5% of the overall cases.

Within the financial sector, not only did banks make up the bulk (93.4% of all reports) of all STRs, they were also the main driver of the significant growth of STRs over the past decade. For the other sectors (e.g. legal and real estate), they took up 1.5% of STRs in 2017.

Over the past five years, the number of such orders have declined by 28%, while the amount of frozen assets have shrunk by 95% to just HK$67 million in 2017.

The confiscated amount has fallen by 52% in four years to HK$336 million in 2017, as some proceeds were returned to crime victims through civil proceedings.

Over the same period, its total merchandize exports to China have grown by 570% to US$129.9 billion (HK$1.01 trillion).

Recently on 11 July 2018, USTR unveiled a proposed list of Chinese products containing 6 031 items valued at US$200 billion (HK$1.56 trillion).

It would increase the tariffs (ranging from 15% to 25%) on 128 tariff lines valued at around US$3 billion (HK$23 billion) on various imports from the US.

There were HK$277.5 billion worth of goods exported via Hong Kong from the Mainland to the US in 2017.

The combined amount of the re-exported goods between China and the US was HK$351 billion, representing about 4.3% of Hong Kong's total trade and 9.1% of total exports in 2017.

(除另有注明外,本頁所引的句子或段落皆來自政府或立法會文件,不一一注明出處。)

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